Mechanical Washer

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Washing machines get clothing clean by plunging the clothes through the water and detergent mixture. It is the motion that helps to loosen dirt. In top loading machines, the agitator twists back and forth pulling the clothes down to the bottom of the tub. The clothes then work their way back up to the top where the agitator grabs them again. After the water is pumped out, the inner drum uses centrifugal force to wring out more water from the clothes by spinning at several hundred rpm’s.

The design of washing machines varies by the manufacturer, but the general principles are essentially the same. The controls consist of a timer, gearbox, water temperature selector, load size selector and start button. The cycle selector controls the cycle selection and the start switch.

A lid switch, which indicates whether the lid is open or closed, will interrupt some or all of the washing machine operations.

The water inlet valve connects to the water supply of your home and allows hot and cold water to flow into the tub.

The pump, agitator and spin drum are driven by the motor. Some washing machines use direct drive, in which the motor is connected directly to the pump and gear case. Some machines use a belt drive in which the motor drives the gear case through using a pulley and a belt. On belt driven machines, the pump is typically connected to the motor by a flexible coupling.

The gearbox drives both the spin of the inner tub and the back and forth motion of the agitator. Your washer has either a single direction or a reversing motor. With a single direction motor, an electromechanical device controls whether the gear case drives the agitator or the drum. Reversing motors control the drum when they spin in one direction and the agitator when they spin in the other.

The clutch allows the gear case to grab the drum to get the spinning started.

* Not all machines have the parts that are listed below.

 

TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE

DRIVE MOTOR WILL NOT RUN

Check power cord

Check electrical power

Allow motor thermal overload to cool.

Check motor start switch

Check drive motor

Check water level switch

Check water pump

Close lid

Check terminal connections on above parts

Check for broken wires

Replace gear case (transmission)

 

MOTOR HUMS

Check start capacitor

Check motor start relay

Check that drive motor is not seized

 

NO COLD WATER

Check water inlet valve (cold coil)

Check water temperature switch

Check terminal connections on above parts

Check for broken wires

 

NO HOT WATER

Check water inlet valve (hot coil)

Check water temperature switch

Check terminal connections on above parts

Check for broken wires

 

TIMER DOES NOT ADVANCE

Check water level switch

Check terminal connections on above parts

Check for broken wires

Check lid switch

 

WASHER AGITATES AND SPINS

Check drive motor coupling

Replace gear case (transmission)

Check two-speed clutch shifter

Check selector switch

Check wiring and connections

 

WASHER DOESN’T AGITATE OR SPIN BUT DRIVE MOTOR RUNS

Check Drive Motor Coupling

 

WASHER WILL NOT AGITATE

Check water level switch

Check motor start switch

Check drive motor

Check drive belt

Check control magnet

Tighten set screws on motor and gear case pulleys.

Check cam bar rivets

Replace gear case (transmission)

Check terminal connections on above parts

Check for broken wires

 

WASHER WILL NOT FILL

See “WATER WILL NOT ENTER WASHER”

 

WASHER WILL NOT OPERATE

Check electrical power

Check power cord

Check all wiring for bare wiring or terminal touching metal.

 

WASHER WILL NOT SHUT OFF

Timer

 

WASHER WILL NOT SPIN

Close lid

Check drive belt

Check control magnet

Check water level switch

Check lid switch

Check motor start switch

Tighten motor pulley setscrew

Check drive motor

Check motor start relay

Check start capacitor

Check clutch for wear

Replace clutch spring

Replace gear case (transmission)

Check for blown fuse or tripped circuit breaker

Check terminal connections on above parts

Check for broken wires

 

WASHER WILL NOT SPRAY RINSE

Check water inlet valve

Check water temperature switch

Check water pump

Check terminal connections on above parts

Check for broken wires

 

WASHER WILL NOT STOP FILLING

Listen for running water. If you hear running water, the water inlet valve is stuck open and must be replaced.

Check water level switch

Check air dome

 

WATER DOES NOT DRAIN

Move drain hose to prevent kinking or replace

Read your installation instructions for correct drain height.

Remove obstructions from drain hose

Check drive belt

Check manifold trap

Clean or replace side check valve

Check lint filter

Check two-way valve

Check water pump

Check pump coupling

Check lid switch

Check terminal connections on above parts

Check for broken wires

 

WATER ENTERS TUB EVEN WHEN MACHINE IS OFF

Check Water Inlet Valve

 

WATER FILLS AND AGITATES AT THE SAME TIME

Timer

 

WATER FILLS AND DRAINS AT THE SAME TIME

Check pump

Check control magnet

Check cam bar

 

WATER LEVEL TOO LOW

Check Water Level Switch

 

WATER WILL NOT ENTER WASHER

Check electrical power

Check power cord

Check for blown fuse or tripped circuit breaker

Make sure water faucets are turned “on”

Move inlet hoses to prevent kinking

Remove screens from inlet hoses and clean

Check water inlet valve

Check water level switch

Check water temperature switch

Check terminal connections on above parts

Check for broken wires

 

WATER WILL NOT SHUT OFF

See “WASHER WILL NOT STOP FILLING”

WARNING: Disconnect power before removing any parts from the oven. If you are not comfortable doing any of these tests yourself, than you should get a technician to check the appliance for you.

The information in this website contains POSSIBLE REPAIR SOLUTIONS. This information is intended to assist customers in troubleshooting the possible problems that your appliance might be having. The information comes from a variety of sources and therefore in no way implies or suggests that this will be a guaranteed solution for your problem. They are merely a guide to help to assist you in troubleshooting your appliance. Any parts that are purchased in the effort to fix your appliance, that do not solve your problem are the sole responsibility of the consumer. Timers that are repaired or purchased from Turner’s Timer Repair are NOT RETURNABLE and our normal warranty policy will take effect.